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Intrauterine Device Specialist

GYN-CARE Women's Healthcare Center

Women's Health Center located in Atlanta, GA

If you’re suffering from a noncancerous reproductive system condition that interferes with enjoying a good quality of life, Eric Brown, MD at Gyn-Care in Atlantic Station, Atlanta can explain all your treatment options, including hysterectomy. Today’s hysterectomies are typically highly advanced robotic surgeries that minimize bleeding and downtime. Book your appointment at Gyn-Care through the online tool or by phone now. 

Intrauterine Device Q & A

What is an intrauterine device (IUD)?

An IUD is a type of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC). LARC birth control methods offer convenience, and they're highly effective because you don't have to remember to take oral medication daily. IUDs are currently the most effective form of contraception available today. 

An IUD has the additional advantage of longevity; depending on the type of IUD, you can enjoy protection from unwanted pregnancy for 3-10 years. And IUDs are more than 99% effective, making them even better than the pill at preventing pregnancy.

How does an IUD work?

An IUD is a tiny T-shaped device that your provider inserts into your uterus during a simple in-office procedure. The device covers the cervical opening, creating a barrier that sperm can't pass, so they can't enter the uterus and fertilize an egg. They also release small amounts of substances that make conception more difficult. 

There are two basic types of IUDs:

Hormonal IUD

A hormonal IUD continuously releases a small amount of progestin, a hormone that thickens cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to travel through the cervix. FDA-approved brands that make hormonal IUDs include:

  • Mirena®
  • Skyla®

Depending on the brand, hormonal IUDs offer 3-5 years of reliable contraception.

Copper IUD

A copper IUD doesn't release hormones; instead, it releases small amounts of copper into your uterus. The copper creates a localized inflammatory response, which makes it difficult for sperm to survive. Currently, Paragard® is the only FDA-approved brand of copper IUD. It can prevent conception for up to 10 years.